Imam al-Shatibi* and Imam al-Tabari on Adherence to the Jama‘ah and the Imam (Caliph)

The sixteenth issue [1] is that the narration of those who narrated, “and that is the Jama‘ah (main body of Muslims),”  [see previous footnote] as the meaning of the saved sect, is in need of commentary, because although its interpretation is clear by means of the elucidation of another narration – and that is his … Continue reading Imam al-Shatibi* and Imam al-Tabari on Adherence to the Jama‘ah and the Imam (Caliph)

Imam Ghazālī on Socialising with Despotic Rulers

Anyone who knows of a tyrant’s injustice, or of a sinner’s sins, should lower his esteem for that person in his heart. In fact, it is required (wājib) to do so. This is because if something that is disapproved is committed by a person, it is certain to detract from his standing. So, sin should … Continue reading Imam Ghazālī on Socialising with Despotic Rulers

Al-Taftazani* and Al-Nasafi** on the Necessity of the Caliphate (Imamate)

The position of Agreement (ijmā‘) is that it is necessary (wājib) to appoint an Imam. The difference of opinion is on the question whether [the appointment] must be by Allah [1] or by His servants, and whether the basis [for appointment] is textual evidence (dalīl sam‘ī) or reason (dalīl ‘aqlī) [2].  The correct position is … Continue reading Al-Taftazani* and Al-Nasafi** on the Necessity of the Caliphate (Imamate)

The Caliphate: The Secret to Unity for Moonsighting in Ramadan and ‘Eid

Imām Ibn Ḥajar al-‘Asqalānī quotes the following in his Fatḥ al-Bārī Sharḥ Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī: “Ibn al-Mājishūn* said: Only the people of the town where the witnessing occurs are obliged [to fast] unless it is established by the Caliph (al-Imām al Azam). In such a case, all the people are obliged [to fast], because all the … Continue reading The Caliphate: The Secret to Unity for Moonsighting in Ramadan and ‘Eid