Ibn Hajar on Obeying and Disobeying those in Authority

The following is from the translated meaning of the Qur’an (4:59): “O Believers, obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you; and if you have a dispute concerning any matter, refer it to Allah and the Messenger if you are [in truth] believers in Allah and the Last Day.” [Rendered by … Continue reading Ibn Hajar on Obeying and Disobeying those in Authority

Imam Ghazali’s ‘Definite Proof’ that Appointing a Caliph is Obligatory

Despite the fact that Imam Ghazali’s al-Iqtiṣād fi al-I‘tiqād is a book on beliefs (‘aqīda), he includes a whole chapter on the imamate (caliphate) in this work. At the beginning of this chapter, he includes a discussion of what he describes as ‘definite legal proof’ (al-burhān al-qaṭ‘ī al-shar‘ī) that appointing an imam is an obligation. … Continue reading Imam Ghazali’s ‘Definite Proof’ that Appointing a Caliph is Obligatory

A Brilliant Qadi (Judge)

Iyas ibn Mu‘awiyah al-Muzani [d. 121H, 739CE] was a man of consummate eloquence and intelligence, proverbial for his reason and quick wit. It is said that once every hundred years a person is born with a perfect mind, and that Iyas was one such person. He narrates how, when still a child at a primary … Continue reading A Brilliant Qadi (Judge)

When the Second Caliph Umar was Overruled by the Judge

Sa‘eed bin Musayyib narrates that Hadhrat Umar once intended to take the house* of Hadhrat Abbas to include it in the Masjid. However, Hadhrat Abbas refused to hand the house over. When Hadhrat Umar resolved that he would certainly have possession of the house, Hadhrat Abbas proposed that they appoint Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka‘b to … Continue reading When the Second Caliph Umar was Overruled by the Judge