Early Fuqahā’ on the Significance and Role of the Khilāfah

[Professor Muhammad Yusuf Faruqi, Hamdard Islamicus, Volume XIV No. 1 (Spring 1991)] After the demise of the Holy Prophet (ﷺ), the Companions decided to choose someone capable of organizing and looking after the affairs of the Ummah, establishing the commandments of the Sharī‘ah and continuing the work of da‘wah which was promulgated by the Messenger … Continue reading Early Fuqahā’ on the Significance and Role of the Khilāfah

Mulla ‘Ali al-Qari on the Obligation of Appointing an Imam (Caliph)

They reached consensus on the obligatory nature of the appointment of the Imam, the only difference being as to whether it is obligatory on Allah or on people, with transmitted or intellectual evidence. The position of the people of the Sunnah and the great majority of the Mu‘tazilah is that it is an obligation on … Continue reading Mulla ‘Ali al-Qari on the Obligation of Appointing an Imam (Caliph)

Ibn Khaldun on the Necessity of the Caliphate (Imamate)

Appointing an imam is obligatory. The consensus (ijmā‘) of the Sahabah and the Tabi‘īn shows that (the caliphate) is necessary according to the sacred law. At the death of the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ), the men around him proceeded to render the oath of allegiance (bay‘ah) to Abu Bakr (رضي الله عنه) and to entrust … Continue reading Ibn Khaldun on the Necessity of the Caliphate (Imamate)