Imam Ghazali’s Views on the Importance of the Caliphate/Imamate

"Let it be noted of the first generation, as to how the Companions (رضي الله عنهم) hastened after the death of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ to appoint the Imam and contract the pledge of allegiance, and how they believed that it was a conclusive obligation (farḍ), a right and mandated (wājib) with immediacy and urgency, as well as how they left the preparation of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ (for burial) through being busy with it (appointing the Imam)."

Is the Caliphate Imperative Mentioned in the Qur’an?

“Al-Qurtubi, as well as other scholars, said that this Āyah (2:30) proves the obligation of appointing a Khalīfah to pass judgements on matters of dispute between people, to aid the oppressed against the oppressor, to implement the Islamic penal code and to forbid evil. There are many tasks that can only be fulfilled by appointing the Imam, and what is necessary in performing an obligation, is an obligation itself.” [Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Vol. 1 p. 185]

The Four Sunni Imams Agree that the Muslims Must Have a Caliph

In his book The Mercy in the Difference of the Four Sunni Schools of Islamic Law, Qāḍī Ṣafadī* writes: The Imams [Abū Ḥanīfah, Al-Shāfi‘ī, Mālik and Aḥmad bin Ḥanbal] agree that having a ruler [caliph] is an obligation and that the Muslims must have a ruler to establish the practices of the dīn and to … Continue reading The Four Sunni Imams Agree that the Muslims Must Have a Caliph

The Most Hated of People to Allah

Ibn ‘Adi has narrated from Abu Hurayrah (ra) that the Messenger of Allah ﷺ said, ‘In Hell, there is a valley from which the Fire seeks refuge seventy times a day. Allah (swt) has prepared it for the jurists who act to be admired by people. And the most hated of people to Allah (swt) is the scholar of the ruler.’

Imam Qurtubi: Knowledge of Obedience to the Caliph is like Knowledge of Prayers and Fasting

"and that would be part of the dīn of Allah which is obliged for him, just as every responsible person knows from the dīn of Allah what is obliged for him regarding the five prayers, fasting Ramadan, ḥajj and the like"

Abū ‘Ubayd on the Rights of the Ruler and the Ruled

In Kitāb al-Amwāl (Book of State Revenue), Abū ‘Ubayd al-Qāsim ibn Sallām* provides us with an accurate record of legal precedents laid down in the first two centuries of Islam, in particular those pertaining to the sources of revenue and the avenues of public expenditure. The book is essential for every student of Islamic law, … Continue reading Abū ‘Ubayd on the Rights of the Ruler and the Ruled

Classical Works on Creed and the Caliphate Imperative – Part 3: al-Juwayni, al-Nasafi, al-Taftazani and al-Qari

In the third part of this series of blog posts, we examine the ‘aqīda works of Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni (d. 478 H/1085 CE), Imam Najm al-Din al-Nasafi (537/1142), Imam Sa‘d al-Din al-Taftazani (793/1390) and Mulla ‘Ali al-Qari (1014/1605). Imam al-Haramayn al-Juwayni (Shafi‘i school of jurisprudence) He was the teacher of Imam al-Ghazali, the mujaddid of … Continue reading Classical Works on Creed and the Caliphate Imperative – Part 3: al-Juwayni, al-Nasafi, al-Taftazani and al-Qari

Michael Hart: The Most Influential Person in History

Above is a depiction of Sultan Muhammad al-Fatih and his army “My choice of Muhammad [ﷺ] to lead the list of the world’s most influential persons may surprise readers and may be questioned by others, but he was the only man in history who was supremely successful on both the religious and secular levels. Of … Continue reading Michael Hart: The Most Influential Person in History

How al-Awza‘i* Spoke the Truth to a Tyrant Ruler

After the Banu Umayyah were massacred and banished from Syria by the tyrannical Amir of Syria, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Ali (the first Abbasid caliph's uncle), he summoned al-Awza‘i. After going missing for three days, the latter appeared before the court of the Amir. Al-Awza‘i relates: “I went in to see him and he was reclining on … Continue reading How al-Awza‘i* Spoke the Truth to a Tyrant Ruler