‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq’s Secular Heresy and the Orthodox Response

“In 1925, ‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq (1888-1966), brother of Mustafa, published a work on Islam and the bases of political authority. Like his brother, he had studied at the Azhar and had then come to Europe, but to Oxford and not Paris...The immediate problem with which ‘Abd al-Raziq is concerned is that of the caliphate. In … Continue reading ‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq’s Secular Heresy and the Orthodox Response