‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq’s Secular Heresy and the Orthodox Response

“In 1925, ‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq (1888-1966), brother of Mustafa, published a work on Islam and the bases of political authority. Like his brother, he had studied at the Azhar and had then come to Europe, but to Oxford and not Paris...The immediate problem with which ‘Abd al-Raziq is concerned is that of the caliphate. In … Continue reading ‘Ali ‘Abd al-Raziq’s Secular Heresy and the Orthodox Response

Ibn Hajar on Arab Rulers

From the commentary of Hadith Jibril by Ḥāfiẓ Ibn Ḥajar al-‘Asqalānī: …The man said: “Messenger of Allah! When is the Final Hour?” The Prophet ﷺ replied: “The one who is questioned about it is no more informed at all than the questioner. However, I shall tell you about its preconditions (ashrāṭihā). When the slave girl … Continue reading Ibn Hajar on Arab Rulers

The Role of the Sultan in Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

“Not everyone is capable of carrying out the actions necessary to enjoin right conduct. However, this can be performed effectively by the ruler [Sultan] because he holds the authority to frame laws that will be in accord with the Shari‘ah. As ruler, he has the final word in matters of consequence, such as the legislation … Continue reading The Role of the Sultan in Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

When the Second Caliph Umar was Overruled by the Judge

Sa‘eed bin Musayyib narrates that Hadhrat Umar once intended to take the house* of Hadhrat Abbas to include it in the Masjid. However, Hadhrat Abbas refused to hand the house over. When Hadhrat Umar resolved that he would certainly have possession of the house, Hadhrat Abbas proposed that they appoint Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka‘b to … Continue reading When the Second Caliph Umar was Overruled by the Judge

The Tyrant’s Assistant is a Tyrant as well

“I saw people who are negligent in paying their debts and who bequeath, ‘When I die, bury me in the tomb of Ahmad.’ Did they not hear the Messenger ﷺ refrained from praying (the funeral) upon those who died without settling their debts and those who unlawfully took from war booty, saying, ‘My prayer will … Continue reading The Tyrant’s Assistant is a Tyrant as well

Ibn al-Jawzi on Forbidding from Accompanying the Rulers

“We have seen many scholars who had a bad ending because of their proximity and mixing with rulers. They were after comfort but did not achieve it properly, because the sadness of the heart never goes away with money or food... If we compare the difference between Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s refraining from rulers, and … Continue reading Ibn al-Jawzi on Forbidding from Accompanying the Rulers