Ibn Hajar on the Sin of Living without a Caliph (Imam)

The following is a hadith related by Bukhārī: Abu Rajā’ related from Ibn ‘Abbās that the Prophet ﷺ said: “If someone dislikes what his Amir does, he should be patient. Anyone who separates himself from the Sultan even a hand's breadth will die the death of al-jāhilīyyah.”* (Kitāb al-Fitan, Chapter 2) Hāfiẓ Ibn Ḥajar al-‘Asqalānī … Continue reading Ibn Hajar on the Sin of Living without a Caliph (Imam)

Ibn Hajar on Arab Rulers

From the commentary of Hadith Jibril by Hāfiẓ Ibn Ḥajar al-‘Asqalānī: …The man said: “Messenger of Allah! When is the Final Hour?” The Prophet ﷺ replied: “The one who is questioned about it is no more informed at all than the questioner. However, I shall tell you about its preconditions (ashrāṭihā). When the slave girl … Continue reading Ibn Hajar on Arab Rulers

A Brilliant Qadi (Judge)

Iyas ibn Mu‘awiyah al-Muzani [d. 121H, 739CE] was a man of consummate eloquence and intelligence, proverbial for his reason and quick wit. It is said that once every hundred years a person is born with a perfect mind, and that Iyas was one such person. He narrates how, when still a child at a primary … Continue reading A Brilliant Qadi (Judge)

The Role of the Sultan in Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

“Not everyone is capable of carrying out the actions necessary to enjoin right conduct. However, this can be performed effectively by the ruler [Sultan] because he holds the authority to frame laws that will be in accord with the Shari‘ah. As ruler, he has the final word in matters of consequence, such as the legislation … Continue reading The Role of the Sultan in Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

When the Second Caliph Umar was Overruled by the Judge

Sa‘eed bin Musayyib narrates that Hadhrat Umar once intended to take the house* of Hadhrat Abbas to include it in the Masjid. However, Hadhrat Abbas refused to hand the house over. When Hadhrat Umar resolved that he would certainly have possession of the house, Hadhrat Abbas proposed that they appoint Hadhrat Ubay bin Ka‘b to … Continue reading When the Second Caliph Umar was Overruled by the Judge

The Tyrant’s Assistant is a Tyrant as well

“I saw people who are negligent in paying their debts and who bequeath, ‘When I die, bury me in the tomb of Ahmad.’ Did they not hear the Messenger ﷺ refrained from praying (the funeral) upon those who died without settling their debts and those who unlawfully took from war booty, saying, ‘My prayer will … Continue reading The Tyrant’s Assistant is a Tyrant as well

Ibn al-Jawzi on Forbidding from Accompanying the Rulers

“We have seen many scholars who had a bad ending because of their proximity and mixing with rulers. They were after comfort but did not achieve it properly, because the sadness of the heart never goes away with money or food... If we compare the difference between Imam Ahmad ibn Hanbal’s refraining from rulers, and … Continue reading Ibn al-Jawzi on Forbidding from Accompanying the Rulers

Ibn al-Jawzi on the Devil’s Deception of Scholars who Get Close to Rulers

It is from the Devil’s deception of scholars to make them intermingle with rulers and sultans. They look away from their faults and never admonish them in spite of their ability to do so. Some of them might even give fatwas allowing them to do things just for worldly gain. Three aspects of harm are … Continue reading Ibn al-Jawzi on the Devil’s Deception of Scholars who Get Close to Rulers

Imam Ghazali: The Sahabah [رضي الله عنهم] delayed burying the Prophet ﷺ while appointing a Caliph

“It is seen from the first generation that the Sahabah [رضي الله عنهم] rushed to appoint an Imam and pledge allegiance after the death of the Messenger of Allah ﷺ, and they believed that it is an obligation binding upon them and a right that should be fulfilled immediately, and they avoided its postponement which even made them delay … Continue reading Imam Ghazali: The Sahabah [رضي الله عنهم] delayed burying the Prophet ﷺ while appointing a Caliph

Shaykh ‘Uthmān Dan Fodio* on the Obligation of Appointing a Caliph (Imām)

“I say, and tawfīq is from Allah: Be it known that there is consensus on the point that it is the duty of the Muslims to appoint an Imām according to the law. With regard to the words of the versifier [1]: ‘It is an obligation to appoint a just Imām. Know that this is … Continue reading Shaykh ‘Uthmān Dan Fodio* on the Obligation of Appointing a Caliph (Imām)