Allah has commanded us to enjoin the good and forbid the evil, and this duty cannot be rendered without power and authority. Likewise, all other social duties such as jihād, maintaining peace and order, justice, organizing ḥajj and ‘īd festivals, redressing abuses, helping the oppressed, enforcing the ḥudūd, and so on, cannot be carried out without political power and authority.
After the Banu Umayyah were massacred and banished from Syria by the tyrannical Amir of Syria, ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Ali (the first Abbasid caliph's uncle), he summoned al-Awza‘i. After going missing for three days, the latter appeared before the court of the Amir. Al-Awza‘i relates: “I went in to see him and he was reclining on … Continue reading How al-Awza‘i* Spoke the Truth to a Tyrant Ruler
During the famous battle of Qadisiyyah, the Persian general Rustam sent word to the Muslim commander Sa‘d ibn Abi Waqqas to send an envoy for negotiations. The latter chose his fellow Sahabi Rib‘i bin ‘Amir as the envoy. When Rib‘i arrived at Rustam’s court, he was asked by the general through the interpreter: “What is … Continue reading Sahabi: Allah has sent us forward to liberate men from following men
“It [the Caliphate] is the general authority to undertake the establishment of Religion through the revival of religious sciences, the establishment of the pillars of Islam, the organisation of jihād and its related functions of maintenance of armies, financing the soldiers, and allocation of their rightful portions from the spoils of war, administration of justice, … Continue reading Shāh Walī Allāh’s Definition of Khilafah