The Role of the Sultan in Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

“Not everyone is capable of carrying out the actions necessary to enjoin right conduct. However, this can be performed effectively by the ruler [Sultan] because he holds the authority to frame laws that will be in accord with the Shari‘ah. As ruler, he has the final word in matters of consequence, such as the legislation … Continue reading The Role of the Sultan in Enjoining Right and Forbidding Wrong in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

Shāh Walī Allāh on Obedience to the Caliph

The Prophet ﷺ has said: “Hearing and obeying is an obligation of every Muslim, whether he likes the command or dislikes it, as long as he is not commanded to commit a sin. If he is commanded to commit a sin, then he absolved of the obligation to hear and obey.” [Sahih Muslim]. (I say): … Continue reading Shāh Walī Allāh on Obedience to the Caliph

The Caliphate in Tafsir al-Qurtubi

When your Lord said to the angels, ‘I am putting a khalif on the earth,’ they said, ‘Why put on it one who will cause great corruption on it and shed blood when we glorify You with praise and proclaim Your purity?’ He said, ‘I know what you do not know.’ [2:30]   ‘I am … Continue reading The Caliphate in Tafsir al-Qurtubi