Classical Works on Creed and the Caliphate Imperative – Part 4: Al-Tahawi, Al-Bayhaqi and Al-Baqillani

In the final part of this series, we will continue our review of the classical works of uṣūl (beliefs). As a recap, notwithstanding that the institution of the Caliphate/Imamate relates to jurisprudence (law as opposed to belief), its sheer importance led to its inclusion within the uṣūl discussions of the classical scholars.  This historical phenomenon … Continue reading Classical Works on Creed and the Caliphate Imperative – Part 4: Al-Tahawi, Al-Bayhaqi and Al-Baqillani

Sahabi: Allah has sent us forward to liberate men from following men

During the famous battle of Qadisiyyah, the Persian general Rustam sent word to the Muslim commander Sa‘d ibn Abi Waqqas to send an envoy for negotiations. The latter chose his fellow Sahabi Rib‘i bin ‘Amir as the envoy. When Rib‘i arrived at Rustam’s court, he was asked by the general through the interpreter: “What is … Continue reading Sahabi: Allah has sent us forward to liberate men from following men

Qadi ‘Iyad on the Sahabah, the Shari‘ah and Madinah and the Return of Ruling by Islam

Qadi ‘Iyad* says in Tartīb al Madārik: “The Prophet's Companions supported him in firmly establishing his Shari‘ah during his lifetime and after his death. They succeeded him in protecting it and keeping it in good custody”. “In numerous revealed texts Allah has indicated explicitly how He granted them excellence above others, commanding that they also … Continue reading Qadi ‘Iyad on the Sahabah, the Shari‘ah and Madinah and the Return of Ruling by Islam